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What else happened that year?
Jan 2, Thomas Dixon, Jr., author of the novel
"The Clansman," was born. It was the basis for the 1915 film
"Birth of a Nation" by D.W. Griffith.
1875 Jan 14, Dr. Albert Schweitzer (d.1965), French theologian who set up a native hospital in
1875 Jan 20, Jean Francois Millet (b.1814), French painter, was born.
1875 Jan 26, Electric dental drill was patented by George F. Green.
1875 Jan 26, Pinkerton agents, hunting Jesse James, firebombed his mother’s house, killed his 13-year-old half-brother and seriously injured his mother.
1875 Jan, Doc Holliday killed a man for the first time (in a fight).
1875 Feb 2, Fritz Kreisler, violinist, composer, was born in
1875 Feb 4, Ludwig Prandtl, physicist (father of aerodynamics), was born in
1875 Feb, Alexander Graham Bell traveled to
1875 Mar 1, Congress passed the Civil Rights Act, which was invalidated by the Supreme Court in 1883.
1875 Mar 3, The opera Carmen, composed by Georges Bizet (1873), opened in
1875 Mar 3, The 1st recorded hockey game took place in
1875 Mar 3, Congress authorized a 20¢ coin. It lasted only 3 years.
1875 Mar 7, Composer Maurice Ravel (d.1937) was born in
1875 Mar 14, Smetana's "Vysehrad," premiered.
1875 Mar 15, John McCloskey, Roman Catholic archbishop of
1875 Spring, Billy McGeorge led a gang of outlaws that preyed on freight wagons and passenger stages around
1875 Mar 26, Poet Robert Frost was born in
1875 Mar 26, Syngman Rhee, President of
1875 Mar 29, Lou Henry Hoover, first lady, was born.
1875 Apr 1, Edgar Wallace, novelist, playwright, journalist (Terror), was born in
1875 Apr 2, Walter Chrysler, founder of Chrysler automobile company, was born. He grew up in
1875 Apr 8, Albert I LCMM von Saksen-Coburg, king of
1875 Apr 11, Heinrich Schwabe, discoverer of the 11-year sunspot cycle, died.
1875 Apr 17, The game of "snooker" was invented by Sir Neville Chamberlain.
1875 Apr 26, Syngman Rhee, Pres. of
1875 May 7, German SS Schiller sank near
1875 May 17, The first
1875 May 23, Alfred Pritchard Sloan, Jr., president and chairman of the board for General Motors, was born. His foundation started the cancer research center Sloan-Kettering Institute. Sloan defined the modern automobile industry and helped rescue General Motors in 1920.
1875 May 31, Italo Montemezzi, composer, was born.
1875 May, Alexander Graham Bell announced the addition of variable resistance to his initial telephone conception.
1875 Jun 2, Alexander Graham Bell made his 1st complex sound transmission.
1875 Jun 3, Georges Bizet (36), French composer (Carmen, Pearl Fishers), died.
1875 Jun 6, Walter P. Chrysler, founder of the Chrysler Corporation, was born.
1875 Jun 6, Thomas Mann (d.1955), German novelist and essayist, was born (Nobel 1929). He was forced into exile by the Nazis. The major part of Mann’s oeuvre is concerned with problems of the artist per se, and no writer of our time and perhaps of any time has probed so deeply into the artistic personality or described so brilliantly the workings of artistic genius. His work included Buddenbrooks (1901), Death in
1875 Jun 28, The Billy McGeorge gang rode into
1875 Jun, Nez Perce Chief Joseph learned that had rescinded the executive order of 1873 and reopened the
1875 Jul 3, Ernst F. Sauerbruch, German Nazi surgeon, was born.
1875 Jul 7, Jesse James robbed a train in
1875 Jul 10, Mary McLeod Bethune (d.1955), American educator, reformer and founder of the
1875 Jul 16, The new French constitution was finalized.
1875 Jul 23, Isaac Merritt Singer (63), inventor (sewing machine), died.
1875 Jul 26, Carl Jung (d.1961), Swiss psychiatrist and analytical psychologist who identified the introvert and extrovert types, was born in
(NH, 9/97, p.13)(WUD, 1994, p.774)(SFEC,
1875 Jul 26, Black Bart, aka Charles E. Boles, began robbing stage coaches. He robbed at least 28 of Wells
1875 Jul 29, Peasants in
1875 Jul 31, The 17th president of the
1875 Aug 2, The world’s 1st roller skating rink opened in
1875 Aug 4, Hans Christian Andersen (b.1805), Danish fairy tale writer, died. His biography was later written by Elias Bredsdorff (d.2002 at 90).
1875 Aug 9, Albert William Ketelbey, composer (In a
1875 Aug 12, Ettore Panizza, composer, was born.
1875 Aug 15, Samuel Coleridge-Taylor, Afro-British composer (Hiawatha's Wedding Feast), was born in
1875 Aug 16, Charles Grandison Finney (b.1792), American revivalist preacher, died.
1875 Aug 25, Captain Matthew Webb (1848-1883) became the first person to swim across the
1875 Aug 26, John Buchan (d.1940), Lord Tweedsmuir, was born in
1875 Sep 1, Edgar Rice Burroughs, novelist, was born in
1875 Sep 3, Ferdinand Porsche, German automotive engineer, was born. He designed the Volkswagen in 1934 and the Porsche sports car in 1950.
1875 Sep 8, An explosion destroyed the
1875 Sep 10, M.K. Ciurlionis (d.1911), Lithuanian artist and composer, was born. Sep 22 is also given as a birth date.
1875 Sep 11, 1st newspaper cartoon strip, "Professor Tigwissel’s Burglar Alarm" appeared in the
1875 Sep 16, James Cash Penny, founder and owner of the J.C. Penny Company department stores, was born.
1875 Oct 4, In
1875 Oct 12, Aleister [Edward S]
1875 Oct 12, Mayan Indians attacked the Xuxub sugar plantation in the
1875 Oct 22, Sons of American Revolution was organized.
1875 Oct 25, Tchaikovsky’s 1st Piano Concerto premiered in
1875 Oct 28, Gilbert Grosvenor, editor, was born. He turned the National Geographic Society’s irregularly published pamphlet into a periodical with a circulation of nearly two million.
1875 Oct, George G. Anderson, A Scottish carpenter and trail builder, engineered his way to the top of Half Dome in
1875 Nov 4, "Pacific" collided with "Orpheus" off
1875 Nov 7, Verney Cameron became the 1st European to cross equatorial
1875 Nov 16, William Bonwill patented dental mallet to impact gold into cavities.
Society was founded in
1875 Dec 4, William Marcy Tweed (d.1878), the "Boss" of
1875 Dec 12, Karl R.G. von Rundstedt, German gen-field marshal (
1875 Dec 17, Violent bread riots took place in
1875 Rainer Maria Rilke (d.1926), German-Austrian poet, was born. He was born in
1875 Edgar Degas, French painter, painted "Place de la Concorde," considered his greatest picture. It shows his artist friend, the Viscount Lepic, strolling
1875 Gabriel Guay exhibited his painting "The Awakening" at the
1875 Claude Monet painted "The
1875 Thomas Moran, American artist, painted "Mountain of the Holy Cross."
1875 Camille Pissarro painted "Climbing Path at the Hermitage."
1875 Renoir painted "Woman at the Piano."
1875 Toby Rosenthal painted "Boy Awakening."
1875 James Tissot, English painter, began "On the
1875 Christian Scientist Mary Baker Eddy published "Science and Health."
1875 William Ernest Henley, English poet, wrote his poem "Invictus" at the end of his stay in an infirmary for tuberculosis. The last 2 lines read "I am the master of my fate: I am the captain of my
1875 James Hutton, Edinburgh Physician, published his "Theory of the Earth." It sought to explain the geological features we see around us by reference to the natural processes that are also observable today.
1875 "Spiders of the
1875 Seth Lewelling of Milwaukie, Oregon, grew the 1st Bing cherry from the seed of a Republican cherry. He named it Bing after a Chinese worker on his farm.
1875 The town of
1875 Christian Schwartz, a local merchant in Natchez, Miss., built a 5 bedroom home on one acre in the French
1875 Maria Mitchell (1818-1889), professor of astronomy at Vassar, helped found the American Association for the Advancement of Women and was elected the association’s 1st president.
1875 James A. Dacey (d.1925) ground up a batch of horseradish root and began to sell it in general stores. He became known as "The Horseradish King."
1875 The US Supreme Court decision in Totten vs. the US denied the estate of a Union spy back pay for his Civil War espionage: "Both employer and agent must have understood that the lips of the other were to be forever sealed."
1875 The first commission book and a new badge were issued to operatives of the
1875 Romualdo Pacheco became governor of
1875 In the
1875 In NYC the Butter and
Cheese Exchange, later known as the
1875 William Sharon of SF was elected to a 6-year term as Senator from
1875 Jacob Bulova opened a jewelry shop in the financial district of NYC. It grew to become the Bulova Watch Co. In 1979 it was purchased by the Loews Corp. and taken private.
1875 Amos G. Rhodes opened his first retail furniture store in
1875 John Durant Larkin established a soap company in Buffalo, N.Y. The Larkin Co. attracted customers by offering premium gifts. In 1901 the company founded
1875 A rich vein of gold was struck in the Bunker Hill mine near Bodie, Calif.
1875 A Nebraskan estimated a grasshopper swarm to be 1,800 miles long and 110 miles wide. In 2004 Jeffrey A. Lockwood authored “Locust: The Devastating Rise and Mysterious Disappearance of the Insect that Shaped the American Frontier.”
1875 French priest Jean-Baptiste Lamy became archbishop of the New Mexican territory.
1875 Capt. George Nares set up the first base on
1875 The Schmitt brewery was built by an innkeeper for his restaurant in Singen in the German state of
1875 The tomb of John Baptiste Tavernier, the man who brought the blue diamond from
1875 Joseph Neesima founded Doshisha Univ. in Kyoto,
1875 Stuart Cranston, Scottish tea merchant, setup the world’s first tea room in
1875 The Society of True Afrikaners was formed in the Boland town of
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